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What you need to know – NBC New York

What to know

  • New Jersey voters on Tuesday will choose candidates vying to replace Democratic Sen. Bob Menendez, who is on trial in federal court in New York on corruption charges and has opted not to participate in the state’s Democratic primary.
  • Menendez, who has held the seat for more than 18 years, has said he would consider running as an independent in the general election if acquitted.
  • There will also be presidential primaries, along with the primaries for the U.S. House of Representatives. The prospect of an open Senate seat has already had a cascading effect in the state.

New Jersey voters on Tuesday will choose candidates vying to replace Democratic Sen. Bob Menendez, who is on trial in federal court in New York on corruption charges and has opted not to participate in the state’s Democratic primary.

Menendez, who has held the seat for more than 18 years, has said he would consider running as an independent in the general election if acquitted.

There will also be presidential primaries, along with the primaries for the U.S. House of Representatives.

The prospect of an open Senate seat has already had a cascading effect in the state. The early battle between first lady Tammy Murphy, who has since suspended her campaign, and front-runner Rep. Andy Kim led to a ruling that eliminated the party line for at least the primaries. The party line is a voting design specific to New Jersey that shows candidates endorsed by county parties in a single column, which opponents say gives an advantage to party-backed candidates.

With the party line gone, Kim appears to be consolidating support statewide. He will face union leader Patricia Campos-Medina and activist Lawrence Hamm in the primaries.

On the Republican side, the Senate primary consists of four candidates: hotelier and leading Republican fundraiser Curtis Bashaw, Navy veteran Albert Harshaw, former Tabernacle deputy mayor Justin Murphy and Mendham Borough Mayor Christine Serrano Glassner. Serrano Glassner has been endorsed by former President Donald Trump.

By running for Senate, Kim will lose the third congressional district seat he has held since 2019. The race to replace him has produced five Democratic candidates. Kim unseated the Republican incumbent in that district in 2018 in one of the key midterm races, but the district has since been redistricted after the census to be more favorable to Democrats, so the candidate who emerges from the primary will likely be given preference. in the fall.

The other U.S. House of Representatives race to watch is in the 8th District, where first-term Rep. Rob Menendez, son of the current senator, faces a tough challenge from Hoboken Mayor Ravi Bhalla. Bhalla has nearly matched Menendez in fundraising, with $1.625 million to the incumbent’s $1.642 million in the New York City suburb.

Trump, a Republican, and President Joe Biden, a Democrat, unofficially sealed their parties’ nominations on March 12. They are both on the ballot Tuesday and could earn more delegates. Tuesday marks Trump’s first primary since he became the first former US president to be convicted of a crime.

New Jersey holds its gubernatorial and legislative elections in odd-numbered years, so there are only federal races in these primaries.

Here’s what to expect on primary night:

PRIMARY DAY

New Jersey’s state and presidential primaries will be held on Tuesday. Polls close at 8:00 PM ET.

WHAT’S ON THE BALLOT

The Associated Press will report vote totals for the Democratic presidential primaries, as well as 19 contested primaries for the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives. Trump is running unopposed in the Republican presidential primary, so vote totals are not reported. The Democratic ballot includes Biden, anti-abortion activist Terrisa Bukovinac and, in most counties, an uncommitted option.

WHO CAN VOTE

Registered party members may only vote in the primaries of their own party. In other words, Democrats cannot vote in Republican primaries, and vice versa. Independent or unaffiliated voters can participate in either primary.

DELEGATED ASSIGNMENT RULES

New Jersey’s 126 pledged Democratic delegates are allocated according to the national party’s standard rules. Twenty-eight delegates are allocated in proportion to the statewide vote, as are fourteen PLEO delegates, or “party leaders and elected officials.” At stake for the state’s twelve congressional districts are a total of 84 delegates, allocated in proportion to the voting results in each district. Candidates must receive at least 15% of the statewide vote to be eligible for statewide delegates, and 15% of the vote in a congressional district to be eligible for delegates in that district.

There are twelve delegates at stake in the Republican presidential election. All delegates are awarded to the winner of the statewide vote. Most states that hold primaries within 45 days of the national convention agreed that their delegates would not be tied to a particular candidate, under Republican National Committee rules. New Jersey, however, opted to keep its delegates tied, prompting the RNC to reduce the total number of delegates from nearly 50 to just 12.

DECISION NOTES

In the presidential race, early indications that Biden wins statewide at a level consistent with the overwhelming margins seen in most other contests held this year could be enough to determine the winner.

An effort is being made to get Democratic voters to vote ‘Uncommitted’ in protest of Biden’s policies on the war between Israel and Hamas in Gaza. Uncommitted will be on the ballot across the state, with the exception of part of Ocean County, where supporters did not turn out enough delegates.

In the 8th Congressional District, Hudson will be the key county to watch. Bhalla is currently the mayor of the fourth largest municipality in the province, so his margin in that province will be important to his overall performance in the district. The district also includes Essex and Bergen counties.

In the 3rd Congressional District, most of the votes will come from Burlington County. The district also includes parts of Mercer and Monmouth counties.

The AP does not make forecasts and will only declare a winner if it has been established that there is no scenario with which the underlying candidates can close the gap. If no race is called, the AP will continue to report on any newsworthy developments, such as concessions to candidates or declarations of victory. The AP will make it clear that it has not yet declared a winner and explain why.

New Jersey allows absentee ballots postmarked by Election Day to arrive up to six days later, so the number of absentee ballots in the primary election won’t be known until June 10. A close race where the number of absentee ballots could affect the outcome is a race call.

New Jersey does not have automatic recounts, but candidates and voters can request and pay for them. The cost of the recount will be refunded if the outcome changes.

WHAT DO TURNOUT AND FRONT VOTES LOOK LIKE

As of May 1, there were 6,549,568 registered voters in New Jersey. Of those, 38% were Democrats and 24% were Republicans.

In the 2022 primaries, turnout was about 7% of registered voters in the Democratic primaries and 5% in the Republican primaries. In that election, 49% of votes cast in the Democratic primaries and 20% of votes cast in the Republican primaries were cast before Election Day.

As of May 28, a total of 247,807 people had cast their votes before Election Day. About 77% of these votes were cast in the Democratic primaries and 23% in the Republican primaries.

How long does vote counting usually take?

In the 2022 primaries, the AP first reported results at 8:04 PM ET, or four minutes after polls closed. The election night tabulation ended around 2 a.m. ET with approximately 90% of the total votes counted.

ARE WE THERE YET?

As of Tuesday, there are 41 days until the Republican National Convention in Milwaukee, 76 days until the Democratic National Convention in Chicago and 154 days until the November general election.

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